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Lake Information

Tanganyika

Lake Tanganyika is an African Great Lake. It is the largest rift lake in Africa and the second largest lake by volume in the world. It is the deepest lake in Africa and holds the greatest volume of fresh water, accounting for 16% of the world's available fresh water. It is also the world's longest freshwater lake. The lake is divided among four countries – Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Burundi, Zambia and is confined by the mountainous walls of the valley. It extends for 420 miles and averages 31 miles wide. Lake Tanganyika is home to over 150 species of fish with many still undiscovered.

Malawi

Lake Malawi, also known as Lake Nyasa in Tanzania and Lago Niassa in Mozambique, is an African Great Lake and the southernmost lake in the East African Rift system. It is located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. It is the ninth largest lake in the world, the third largest and second deepest lake in Africa. It is home to more species of fish than any other lake, which includes at least 700 species of cichlids.

The Mozambique portion of the lake was officially declared a reserve by the Government of Mozambique on June 10, 2011. A portion of the lake in Malawi is included in Lake Malawi National Park. A fun factoid - Lake Malawi is a meromictic lake, meaning that its water layers do not mix and have a small chemical and thermal gradients.

Victoria

Lake Victoria is one of the African Great Lakes. The lake was named after Queen Victoria by the explorer John Hanning Speke, the first Briton to document it in 1858. Lake Victoria is Africa's largest lake by area, the world's largest tropical lake, and the world's second largest fresh water lake by surface area. Lake Victoria receives its water primarily from direct rainfall and thousands of small streams. Lake Victoria occupies a shallow depression and has a maximum depth of 276 feet. It is situated divided among three countries: Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania. Lake Victoria formerly was very rich in fish, including many endemics, but a high percentage of these became extinct during the last 50 years. The main group in Lake Victoria is the haplochromine cichlids with more than 500 species with and some still undescribed. This is far more species of fish than any other lake in the world, except Lake Malawi.

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